Chronology

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE SYROMALABAR CHURCH
Year
Month/date
Event

Ancient Era

52
November 21
Arrival of St. Thomas the Apostle in Muziris (near Kodungalloor) in Kerala. Established churches at Kodungalloor, Palayoor, Paravur (Kottakkavu), Kokkamangalam, Chayal (Nilackel), Niranam and Kollam.
72
July 3
Martyrdom of St. Thomas the Apostle at Chinnamala, Mylapore, Chennai (Tamil Nadu).
105
Church at Kuravilangad.
189–90
Arrival of Stoic Philosopher Pantaenus from Alexandria reported by Eusebius of Caesarea and Jerome. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, Pantaenus was for a time a missionary preacher, traveling as far as India, where it was reported that he found Christians who were using the Gospel of Matthew in Hebrew.
295 - 300
Journey of Mar David of Basra (Bishop of Maishan, southern part of modern Iraq, according to the Chronicle of Seert.
325
Mar Yohannan, the Persian presiding over the churches in all Persia and Great India attended First Council of Nicaea and signed in the decrees of the Council.
327
Apparition of Blessed Virgin Mary at Kuravilangad.
340-60
By the Thazhekad Sasanam the Nazranies granted special rights and privileges.
345
Arrival of Thomas of Kynai at Kodungalloor with bishop Uraha Mar Yausef, four priests, several deacons and 72 families from the Middle East.
354
Theophilus (surnamed the Indian) — an Arian, sent by Emperor Constantius on a mission to Arabia Felix and Abyssinia finds Christians in the Coast of Malabara as recorded by Philostorgius, an Arian Greek Church historian.
363
St. Ephrem (306–378) at Edessa, writes about St. Thomas as the Apostle of India.
380
St. Gregory Nazianzen (324–390) writes about St. Thomas as the Apostle of India.
390
St. Ambrose of Milan (333–397) writes about St. Thomas as the Apostle of India.
400
St. Jerome (342–420) writes about St. Thomas as the Apostle of India.
522
Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Byzantine monk visits Malabar Coast and writes of a Syrian Christian Community in his book Christian Topography.
638
St. Isidore of Seville writes about St. Thomas as the Apostle of India.
649-59
Catholicos-Patriarch Isho'Yahb III complaints about shortcomings by Metropolitan Shemon (Simon) of Fars [Beth Parsaye] in his handling of Indian bishoprics.The Patriarch raises India [Beth Hindaye] to a Metropolitan Province.
829
Church of the East Patriarch, Timeotheus I sends Bishops Mar Sapore (Kollam) and Mar Proth (Kodungalloor). Arrival of the Church Builders - Mar Sabor and Mar Afroth in Quilon (Kollam), on the Malabar Coast. The duo is locally known as Kantheesangal (from the Syriac word for Saints - Khadishe). These bishops are accompanied from Persia by Christian immigrants and traders, probably fleeing persecution. The immigrants mix with the native Christians. The Malayalam Era (Calendar) begins with their arrival.
849
Ayyanadikal Kurakoni(Iyenadikal Thiruvadikal), King of Venad, grants special previlages to Christians of Kollam.
883
King Alfred's mission
892
Tharisapalli plates.
905
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Adanaka (Denha)
988
Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar Yohannan
1222
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Johannan
1231
Metropolitan and Gate of All India Mar Joseph
1285
Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar David
1291
John of Montecorvino, a member of Societas Peregrinantium Pro Christo arrives in Kollam.
1292
Venetian traveller Marco Polo arrives in India and later testifies about Christian presence.
1301
Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar Jacob: Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar Jacob, resident at Kodungalloor (in Malabar), has the titles of Metropolitan and Director of the Holy See of Saint Thomas the Apostle, Director of All the Church of Christian India. The East-Syrian Patriarch in Babylon during this period is Mar Yahb'Allaha III, an ethnic Turkic-Mongol from China.
1323
French Dominican friar Jordanus Catalani de Severac arrives in Kollam (Quilon).
1324
Jordanus Catalani de Severac writes Mirabilia Descripta, a rare work on plants, animals and the people of India and of other countries in Asia.
1329
August 9
Pope John XXII (in captivity in Avignon) erected Quilon as the first Diocese in the whole of Indies as suffragan to the Archdiocese of Sultany in Persia through the decree Romanus Pontifix.
1329
August 21
Pope John XXII by the bull Venerabili Fratri Jordano, appointed the French Dominican friar Jordanus Catalani de Severac as the first Bishop of Quilon.
1346
March 23
John De Marignolli Legate to China arrives in Quilon.
1407
Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar Jaballaha

Portuguese Era

1490
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Yohannan
1498
May 20
Arrival of Vasco da Gama.
1504
Metropolitan and Gate of All India, Mar Yacob (Kodungalloor).
1555
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Joseph takes charge.
1557
February 4
Pope Paul IV, established, by his famous Bull "Pro Excellento Praeeminentia",Diocese of Cochin.
1564
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Abraham appointed Archbishop of Angamaly (Pope Pius IV).
1567
August 29
Establishment of Archdiocese of Angamaly as Metropolitan see.
1597
Mar Abraham the last Syrian Bishop died. Buried at the Church of St. Hormice, Angamaly.
1599
June 20-26 
Synod of Diamper.
1599
November 5
Francis Rose S.J. nominated first Latin Bishop of Syrians.
1600
August 4
Extension of the Rule of Padroado on Syrians.
1603
December 7
Angamaly Synod
1609
December 3
Seat of the Archdiocese of Angamaly moved to Kodungalloor.

Era of Divisions

1610
December 22
Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricts the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south.
1653
January 3
Coonan Cross Oath at Mattancherry, near Kochi at the time of Garcia S.J.
1647
December
Archbishop Garcia Appoints Fr. Jerome Furtado as Vicar General in place of the traditional Archdeacon.
1653
May 22
Episcopal ordination of Thomas the Archdeacon at Alangad by 12 priests of St. Thomas Christians.
1659
December 3
Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar (Verapoly) erected by Pope Alexander VII.
1659
December 15
Episcopal Ordination of Italian Sebastiani OCD.
1659
December 17
Bishop Sebastiani OCD takes charge as Administrator of Malabar.
1659
December 24
Bishop Sebastiani OCD given power to ordain a Bishop in Malabar by Pope Alexander VII through the Apostolic Letter Pro Commissa Nobis.
1663
The conquest of Portuguese territories in Malabar and especially of Cochin by the Dutch and the all Catholic Missionaries including Bishop Sebastiani OCD were expelled from the territories occupied by the Dutch.
1663
Metropolitan and Gate of All India,Mar Chandy Parambil
1663
February 1
Fr. Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil Chandy, Alexander de Campo) appointed the first Syrian catholic bishop of Malabar by Bishop Sebastiani OCD .
1665-71
Spread of Jacobite Faith by Mar Gregorios in Malabar.
1687
January 2
Bishop Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil Chandy Malpan, Bishop Alexander de Campo) passes away.
1704
June 29
John Ribeiro S. J. appointed Abp. of Kodungalloor (Padroado).
1709
March 13
Suppression of Vicariate Apostolic of Malabar and Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly erected by Pope Clement XI.
1782
July 16
Mar Joseph Kariyatty appointed Archbishop of Kodungalloor by Padroado.
1782
December 16
Rome approves Mar Joseph Kariyatty as Archbishop of Kodungalloor.
1783
February 17
Episcopal ordination of Mar Joseph Kariyatty at Lisbon, Porgugal.
1786
September 10
Archbishop Kariyatty dies in Goa. Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar appointed Gubernador (Administrator) of the Archdiocese of Kodungalloor.
1787
February 1
Angamaly Padiyola
1799
March 20
Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar dies
1805
February 10
Birth of Kuriakose Elias Chavara at Kainakary, Alappuzha
1831
May 11
Foundation of the first indigenous religious congregation (CMI) at Mannanam by Frs. Thomas Palackal, Thomas Porookara and Kuriakose Elias Chavara.
1833
Establishment of the Seminary at Mannanam.
1838
April 24
The Metropolitan See of Kodungalloor (Angamaly)and the See of Cochin were suppressed and territory is added to Vicariate Apostolic of Verapoly by the Brief “Multa Praeclara” of Pope Gregory XVI.
1861
June 8
Fr. Kuriakos Elias Chavara appointed Vicar General for Syrians.
1866
February 13
Foundation of the first indigenous religious congreation for women(CMC) at Koonammavu.
1866
August 13
Establishment of Seminary at Puthenpally.
1866
Purchase of Land in the name of Parayil Varky Tharakan at Mangalappuzha near Aluva.
1871
January 3
Death of Kuriakose Elias Chavara.
1874
August 1
Mar Melus arrives in Kerala.
1874
October 25
Mar Melus excommunicated Origin of Suryis of Thrisur.
1876
April 26
Birth of Sr. Mariam Thressia at Puthenchira, Thrisur.
1877
October 12
Episcopal ordination of Bishop Marcellinus OCD.
1877
October 17
Birth of Sr. Euphrasia (Rose) at Kattur, in the parish Edathuruthy, Thrisur.
1877
November 15
Bishop Marcellinus OCD made ruler of the Syrians.
1878
March 19
Bishop Marcellinus OCD commences his reign.
1886
June 23
See of Cochin was restored by Pope Leo XIII.

Era of self-governance

1887
May 20
Two independent Vicariates of Kottayam(present Changanaseri1) and Thrisur2 for Syrians; Charles Lavigne and Adolf Medlycott were made Vicar Apostolic respectively (Quod Jampridem, Pope Leo XIII).
1888
December 14
Foundation of Franciscan Clarist Congregation (FCC) at Changanaseri.
1890
September 16
Seat of Kottayam Vicariate moved to Changanaseri.
1891
April 1
Birth of Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Kottayam.
1892
June 24
Foundation of Sisters of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (SVM) at Kaipuzha, Kottayam.
1896
July 28
Vicariate of Ernakulam3 created, with territories from both Vicariates of Changanaseri and Thrissur and Mar Aloysius Pazheparambil, Mar Mathew Makkil, and Mar John Menachery were made the bishops respectively (Quae Rei Sacrae, Pope Leo XIII).
1908
December 8
Foundation of Sisters of Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament (SABS) at Champakulam, Changanaseri 1 January 1911 Foundation of Sacred Heart Congregation for Women (Kerala) (SH) at Palai.
1911
August 29
Establishment of Kottayam4 Vicariate for the Knanaya (Suddists) Community of the Syrians.
1914
May 14
Foundation of the Congregation of Holy Family (CHF) at Puthenchira, Thrisur by Mariam Thressia.
1921
January 29
Foundation of Eparchial Society of the Oblates of the Sacred Heart (OSH).
1923
December 21
Establishment of the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy with Ernakulam as the Metropolitan See and Mar Augustine Kandathil as the first Head and Archbishop of the Church (Romani Pontifices, Pope Pius XI).
1924
November 16
Mar Augustine Kandathil installed Archbishop.
1926
June 8
Death of Mariam Thressia.
1927
March 19
Foundation of the Sisters of the Destitute (SD) at Chunungumvely, Ernakulam by Fr.Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly.
1927
July 19
Foundation of the Vincentian Congregation (VC).
1928
July 3
Foundation of Sisters of St Joseph Congregation (SJC) at Kottayam.
1929
October 5
Death of Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly.
1931
March 19
Foundation of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) by Mar Augustine Kandathil as a religious brothers congregation, the first such in India.
1932
June 1
Establishment of Mangalapuzha Seminary.
1933
May 7
Foundation of the Missionary Congregation for the Blessed Sacrament (MCBS).
1944
January 1
Foundation of Congregation of Sisters of Charity (CSC) at Chollannoor, Thrisur.
1944
October 31
Foundation of Medical Sisters of St Joseph (MSJ) at Kothamangalam.
1945
December 27
Mar Augustine Kandathil founds the priestly wing of the Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux (CST) to better realise its aims.
1948
March 19
Foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of Nazareth (CSN) at Edakkunnu, Ernakulam.
1948
April 20
Foundation of Congregation of the Sisters of St. Martha (CSM) at Ponnookara, Thrisur.
1949
April 2
Foundation of Assisi Sisters of Mary Immaculate (ASMI) at Cherthala, Alappuzha by Mgr. Joseph K. W. Thomas
1950
July 25
Eparchy of Palai.
1952
August 29
Death of Sr. Euphrasia CMC.
1953
December 1
Official Visitation of Cardinal Tisserant of the Oriental Churches in India.
1953
December 31
Eparchy of Thalaseri.
1956
January 10
Death of Archbishop Mar Augustine Kandathil.
1956
July 26
Changanaseri made Archiparchy.
1957
January 10
Eparchy of Kothamangalam.
1957
June 1
Establishment of Dharmaram College, a major seminary by the CMIs in Bangalore.
1958
January 1
Fr. Placid Podipara made Rector of Malabar College in Rome.
1961
January 25
Foundation of Congregation of Samaritan Sisters (CSS) at Thrisur.
1962
March 31
Eparchy of Chanda,8 Maharashtra (CMI).
1962
July 3
Establishment of St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary, Vadavathoor, Kottayam.
1968
February 22
Foundation of Missionary Society of St Thomas the Apostle (MST).
1968
May 16
Foundation of Malabar Missionary Brothers (MMB).
1968
July 29
Eparchy of Sagar,9 Madhya Pradesh (CMI).
1968
July 29
Eparchy of Satna,10 Madhya Pradesh (VC).
1968
July 29
Eparchy of Ujjain,11 Madhya Pradesh (MST).
1969
July 3
Foundation of Missionary Congregation of the Daughters of St. Thomas (DST) at Aruvithura, Kottayam.
1972
March 23
Eparchy of Bijnor,12 Uttarakhand (CMI).
1972
March 23
Eparchy of Jagdalpur,13 Chattisgargh (CMI).
1973
March 1
Eparchy of Mananthavady.
1973
October 16
Death of Fr. Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan).
1974
June 20
Eparchy of Palakkad.
1977
February 25
Eparchy of Rajkot16 (CMI).
1977
February 26
Eparchy of Kanjirappally.
1977
May 19
Foundation of Society of Kristu Dasis (SKD) at Mananthavady by Bishop Jacob Thoomkuzhy.q
1978
June 22
Eparchy of Irinjalakkuda.
1978
August 26
Cardinal Joseph Parekkattil attends Conclave – first of its kind from Syro-Malabar Rite.
1978
September 8
Mar Antony Padiyara appointed Apostolic Visitor of Non-resident Keralite Syro-Malarians by Pope John Paul I.
1984
June 19
Eparchy of Gorakhpur,19 Uttar Pradesh (CST).
1985
April 27
Death of Father Placid J Podipara.
1985
December 19
Approval of the Text of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches.
1986
February
Pope John Paul II visits Kerala
1986
February 8
Inauguration of the Order of Syro-Malabar Qurbana by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam.
1986
February 8
Beatification of Fr. Kuriakose Elias Chavara CMI and Sr. Alphonsa Muttathupadathu FCC at Kottayam by Pope John Paul II. – first man and woman from India to the Altar.
1986
April 28
Eparchy of Thamaraseri.
1988
April 30
Eparchy of Kalyan,21 Maharashtra.
1989
July 3
Establishment of the Renovated Syro-Malabar Qurbana by the Sacred Congregation for Oriental Churches.
1989
July 3
Foundation of Sisters of St. Thomas (SST) at Managanam, Kottayam.

Major-Archiepiscopal Church

1992
December 16
Establishment of Major Archiepiscopal see of Ernakulam-Angamaly
1993
January 29
Cardinal Antony Padiyara, the first Major Archbishop (Quae Majori Christifidelium, Pope John Paul II), and Mar Abraham Kattumana, made Pontifical Delegate.
1993
May 20
Cardinal Padiyara takes charge. First Synod of the Church.
1995
May 18
Archieparchy of Thrisur
1995
May 18
Archieparchy of Thalaseri
1996
December 18
Cardinal Padiyara's resignation accepted.
1996
December 18
Archbishop Mar Varkey Vithayathil CSSR, Apostolic Administrator of Ernakulam–Angamaly.
1996
November 11
Eparchy of Thuckalay,22 Tamil Nadu
1997
October 28
Foundation of Mar Thoma Sliha Monastery (MTSM) at Nallathanni, Kottayam.
1998
February 3
Major Archiepiscopal Headquarters at Mount St. Thomas, Kakkanad.
1998
November 9
First Major Archiepiscopal Assembly
1999
April 24
Eparchy of Belthangady,23 Karnataka
1999
July 23
Eparchy of Adilabad,24 Andhra Pradesh (CMI)
1999
December 23
Pope John Paul II appointed Mar Varkey Vithayathil as the Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly and Head of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
2000
April 9
Beatification of Sr. Mariam Thressia CHF in Vatican by Pope John Paul II.
2001
February 21
Pope John Paul II raised Mar Varkey Vithayathil a member of the Sacred College of Cardinals 
2001
July 6
Eparchy of St. Thomas of Chicago,25 USA.
2002
December 19
Eparchy of Idukki26
2005
May 9
Eparchy of Kottayam made Archieparchy.
2006
April 30
Beatification of Fr. Augustine Theavarparampil (Kunjachan) at Ramapuram, Palai by Major Archbishop His Beatitude Varkey Vithayathil.
2006
December 3
Beatification of Sr. Euphrasia CMC at Ollur, Thrisur by Major Archbishop His Beatitude Cardinal Varkey Vithayathil.
2007
August 21
Eparchy of Bhadravathi,27 Karnataka (MCBS)
2008
July 22
Christ University – the first University by the Catholic Church in India, established by the CMIs in Bangalore.
2008
October 12
Canonization of Sr. Alphonsa (Anna) Muttathupadath FCC in Vatican by Pope Benedict XVI – the first woman Saint from India.
2008
November 6
Visit of Cardinal Leonardo Sandri, Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. He visited many eparchies in Kerala and paid respects to St. Alphonsa at her tomb at Bharananganam.
2009
June 24
Pope Benedict XVI declares the St. George Church at Angamaly a minor Basilica.
2009
August 6
Major Archbishop promulgates the Order of Celebrations on Nativity of Our Lord, Ash Day, Osana Sunday, Thursday of Pesha, Friday of Passion, Great Saturday and Great Sunday of Resurrection
2009
August 14
Fr. John Vadakkel CMI, appointed bishop of the Eparchy of Bijnor.
2009
August 23
Union Government of India issued coins in honour of St. Alphonsa
2009
September 6
Varghese Payapilly Palakkappilly declared Servant of God.
2010
January 18
Eparchy of Mandya,28 Karnataka
2010
January 18
Eparchy of  Ramanathapuram,29 Tamil Nadu.
2011
April 1
His Beatitude Mar Varkey Vithayathil, head and father of the Church passes away
2011
April 10
Funeral of his Beatitude Mar Varkey Vithayathil at St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica, Ernakulam
2011
May 24
Mar George Alencherry is elected as the third Major Archbishop
2012
February 18
Mar George Alencherry is made Cardinal by Pope Benedict XVI
2012
March 6
Announcement of the erection of the eparchy of Faridabad of the Syro-Malabars and the appointment of Mgr. Kuriakose Bharanikulangara as its first Bishop with the personal title of Archbishop
2012
May 26
Episcopal Ordination of Mgr. Kuriakose Bharanikulangara, as the Bishop of Faridabad of the Syro-Malabars.
2012
August 24
Announcement of the appointment of Fr. George Rajendran Kuttinadar and Fr. Jacob Muricken as Bishop of Thuckalay and Auxiliary of Palai respectively.
2012
September 10
Resignation of Bishop Thomas Chakiath from the office of the Auxiliary, Ernakulam-Angamaly.
2012
September 16
Episcopal Ordination of Bishop George Rajendran, Bishop of Thuckalay
2012
October 14
Taking possession of the Titular Church, Church of San Bernardo alla Terme by the Major Archbishop.
2013
January 9
Announcement of the Election of Fr. George Madathikandathil as Bishop of Kothamangalam.
2013
February 11
The announcement of the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI .
2013
March 12
The conclave for the election of the Pope began today.
2013
March 13
Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J., elected as Supreme Pontiff, the 265th successor of Peter, and has chosen the name Francis.
2013
July 3
The feast of St. Thomas, Dukhrana, Sabhadinam was first time celebrated at the Major Archiepiscopal Level at Mount St. Thomas with the participation of representatives from the eparchies from the proper territory and some from outside too.
2013
July 16
Announcement of the New Bishop of Jagdalpur – Fr. Joseph Kollamparampil CMI.
2013
August 18 Sunday
Global Meet
2013
Augus 23 t
Announcement of the Auxiliary Bishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
2013
September 17
Episcopal Ordination of Mgr. Joseph Kollamparampil CMI, Jagadalpur
2013
September 21
Episcopal Ordination, Mgr. Puthenveettil, Auxiliary Bishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly
2014
January 11
Announcement of the erection of the Syro-Malabar Eparchy of St. Thomas, the Apostle, Melbourne, Australia and the appointment of Bishop Bosco Puthur as its first bishop and the Apostolic Visitor to New Zealand.
Announcement of the appointment of Bishop Raphael Thattil Apostolic Visitor to the Syro-Malabar faithful in the territories outside the Syro-Malabar eparchies in India.
2014
February 26
4.00 pm Commissioning of the Apostolic Visitor Mar Raphael Thattil at Mount St. Thomas.
2014
March 25
Installation of Mar Bosco Puthur as Bishop of Syro - Malabar Eparchy of Melbourne.
2014
April 3
Announcement of the approval of the miracles of Bl. Chavara Kuriakose Elias and Bl. Euphrasia.
2014
April 27
Canonization of Bl. Pope John XXIII and Bl. Pope John Paul II
2014
June 24
Announcement of the Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago – Fr. Joy Alappat.
2014
July 31
Announcement of the new Bishop of Chanda – Fr. Ephrem Nariculam.
2014
August 27
Announcement of the resignation of Bishop Sebastian Vaniakizhkel VC from the office of the Bishop of Satna due to health reasons.
2014
August 29
Announcement of the Appointment of Archbishop George Njaralakatt as the New Archbishop of Tellicherry
2014
September 27
Episcopal Ordination of Fr. Joy Alapatt in Chicago
2014
October 5
Extraordinary Synod of Bishops in Rome held from 5 to 20 October.
2014
November 23
Canonization of Blessed Chavara & Euphrasia in Rome
2015
July 22
Announcement of Fr Joseph Kodakallil as the Bishop of Stana.
2015
August 6
Retirement of Bishop Joseph Kunnath and announcement of Fr. Antony Prince Panengadan as Bishop ofAdilabad and of Fr. Jose Kalluvelil as the Apostolic Exarch of Missisauga in Canada.
2015
August 26
Announcement of the Fr. Kariyil Antony CMI as the Bishop of Mandya and the extension of the territory of Mandya to include the whole area of the territory coming under that Archdiocese of Bangalore.
2015
September 15
Episcopal Ordination of Fr. Joseph Kodakallil as the Bishop of Satna.
2015
September 19
Episcopal ordination of Fr. Jose Kalluvelil as the Apostolic exarch of Canada with See at Mississauga.
2015
October 18
Episcopal Ordination of Fr. Antony Kariyil as the Bishop of Mandya
2015
October 29
Episcopal Ordination of Fr. Antony Prince Panengadan as Bishop of Adilabad

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