Bishop Mar Joseph Pallikaparampil was born on 10 April 1927 at Mutholapurampil was born on 10 April 1927 at Mutholapuram. After his University studies in St. Berchman's College Changanacherry. St. Joseph's CollegeTrichinappolly and Loyola College Madaras from where he took his M.A. in Economics, he joined the St. Thomas Petit Seminary Changanacherry. For his Major Seminary formation he was sent to St. Joseph's Major Seminary Mangalore and then to the Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide, Rome. He was ordained priest on 23 November 1958 in Rome. After the ordination, he began his research work for a doctoral studies, he was appointed the Vice-Rector of the Malabar College Rome, where Rev. Fr. Placid Podipara CMI was the Rector. After Taking his Ph. D from the Pontifical Urban University Rome, in 1962 he came back to the Diocese. He was appointed professor of Philosophy in the St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary Vadavathoor, Kottayan
In 1965 he was called back to his Alma Mater Propagnda Fide College as its Vice-Rector. In 1969 he was appointed the Rector of St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary Vadavathoor, Kottayam. While serving as the Rector, in 1973 he was nominated Auxiliary to His Excellency Mar Sebastian Vayalil, Bishop of Palai. He was ordained Bishop on 15 August 1973 by His Eminance Joseph Cardinal Parecattil. Bishop Mar Joseph Pallikaparampil took charge as Proto Syncellus of the Diocese on 22nd August 1973.
Following the resignation of His Excellency Mar Sebastian Vayalil, the Holy See appointed his the Bishop of Palai on the 6th February 1981. On 25 March 1981, he was installed at the St. Thomas Cathedral Palai. After serving the diocese for 23 years, he handed over the charge of the diocese to his successor Mar Joseph Kallarangatt on 2 May 2004.